Saving a piece of history


Due to irreversible chloride-induced corrosion, Allt Chonoglais Bridge was unfit to carry future traffic loads. The entire structure had to be replaced with a stronger steel framework.


The new reinforced structure incorporates stainless steel rebar. Critical sections are reinforced with lean duplex alloys, offering exceptional corrosion-resistance and resulting in a bridge with a durable construction and reduced lifecycle costs.


Steel grade: Outokumpu Forta DX 2304
Product form: Rebar

A steady stream of traffic traverses safely across the new 40-meter-long bridge that spans the River Kinglass in north Scotland. Two years earlier, the crumbling bridge was deemed beyond repair. Its structure had suffered from spalling and delamination of the concrete and its flaking exterior exposed severely corroded reinforcement bar inside. Identified as too weak to meet modern traffic needs on the A82 trunk road, the entire bridge needed replacement with a stronger structure.

Instead of extending the bridge’s life through interval construction work, the aim was to find a solution through a life-cycle approach that would extend the bridge’s lifespan with as low maintenance as possible.


Resistance to chloride corrosion

“The corrosion of the carbon steel reinforcement was caused by the ingress of chlorides from de-icing salts. Consequently, in more hostile, snow and ice environments, you need a rebar product with greater chloride corrosion resistance,” says Stephen Jones, Rebar Commercial Manager and Head of Long Products Research and Development at Outokumpu.

The project involved the partial demolition of the three-span bridge and its replacement with a composite steel and concrete single-span bridge deck. “The concrete structure incorporates stainless steel rebar in areas exposed to de-icing salts during the winter months. This includes the bridge deck, abutments, wing walls and bearing plinths,” explains Jones.


Old made new again

After discussions with Outokumpu, the customer selected Forta DX 2304 rebar due to its competitive cost and exceptional chloride resistance. “This alloy has a chloride threshold level beyond the levels normally expected at typical rebar depths, even in the most severe of chloride environments,” notes Jones.

The new structure meets the needs of modern-day traffic while retaining attractive features of the original bridge, including the locally sourced granite. Behind the traditional aesthetics, the stainless rebar construction will provide a safe and smooth crossing for at least the next 120 years.

Recommended products and insight


When it comes to appliances, today’s consumer insists on full functionality wrapped in effortless beauty. Corrosion-resistant, easy to clean, strong and formable: Stainless steel delivers durable, timeless perfection.

Commercial kitchen

Designed to optimize performance and efficiency, the commercial kitchen is a dynamic environment with conflicting needs: extreme heat, extreme cold; wet, dry; storage, service; preparation, cooking.


The Core range contains austenitic and ferritic stainless steel products for mild to medium corrosive environments. The classic 18/8 stainless steel is part of Outokumpu Core range.


The Supra range contains stainless steel products designed for highly corrosive environments. Outokumpu Supra range stainless steels have a good resistance to uniform corrosion in many organic and inorganic chemicals. The addition of molybdenum enhances the alloy’s corrosion resistance in many acidic environments.

Cold rolled coil, strip and sheet

Available for use in a wide variety of applications, Outokumpu cold rolled coil, strip and sheet products are put to work across all industries and markets. 

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